The Cultural Psychology of Climate Change and Sustainable Living 气候变化和可持续生活的文化心理学研究

时间:2021-12-10         阅读:

光华讲坛——社会名流与企业家论坛第5997期

主题The Cultural Psychology of Climate Change and Sustainable Living

气候变化和可持续生活的文化心理学研究

主讲人新加坡管理大学 AngelaLeung副教授(长期教职)

主持人拉斯维加斯平台网 刘小燕副教授

时间12月16号,10:30-12:00

腾讯会议ID:472-772-409

主办单位:经济与管理研究院 科研处

主讲人简介:Angela Leung(梁嘉仪)博士,是新加坡管理大学的心理学副教授(长期教职),于2007年取得美国伊利诺伊大学香槟分校社会心理学博士。作为一位文化心理学家,她致力于把复杂、矛盾和具有挑战性的问题(如,多元文化接触、矛盾、职场妈妈、流行病)转化为机会,使人民和社会能够繁荣。特别是,她试图了解人们的心态或精神框架如何影响其对个人和社会挑战的认识,以及伴随而来的冲突和紧张所带来的不同后果。她的研究多次发表在心理学的顶级期刊,包括American Psychologist,Journal of Personality and Social Psychology,Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin,Psychological Science等。梁嘉仪教授同时编辑出版了2本文化心理科学的论著,并担任国际学术期刊Asian Journal of Social Psychology的联合主编,Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology的副主编,以及Journal of Personality and Social Psychology和Management and Organization Review两个期刊的编委会成员。

内容提要:

This talk shares a sample of culturally informed research that enriches the climate change scholarship. In one study, we found support that there are cultural differences in how likely Americans and Koreans perceive a trade-off between environmental and economic interests. Korean (vs. American) participants’ lower trade-off mindset was associated with stronger engagements in pro-environmental behaviors and activism. Another study carried out a cross-country investigation to examine Americans and Singaporeans’ attitude towards lab-grown meat. The consumption of alternative proteins, including plant-based protein and lab-grown (or cultured) meat presents an opportunity to promote a more sustainable and healthier food option. Results showed that Singaporean participants displayed a more favorable attitude towards lab-grown meat than did their American counterparts, and this cultural difference was explained by Singaporeans’ stronger eating motivation for managing a positive impression. In two other research, we examined people’s cosmopolitan orientation or their awareness of the cultural impacts of climate change. We found that a cosmopolitan worldview and an awareness of climate change’s cultural impacts positively predicted people’s motivation to engage in climate change mitigation actions. I close the talk by discussing some insights on how cultural psychologists can contribute to research on climate change and environmental science by filling the cultural gap and recognizing the role of culture in tackling the climate change crisis.

本演讲分享了一系列从文化角度看气候变化影响的学术研究。在一项研究中,我们发现美国人和韩国人在如何看待环境利益和经济利益之间的权衡存在文化差异。具体的,韩国人(vs.美国人)表现出较低的权衡心态,以及更强烈的环保行为和行动主义。另一项跨国研究,调查了美国人和新加坡人对人造肉的态度。替代蛋白质的消费,包括植物蛋白和实验室培养(或培育)的肉类,为促进更可持续和更健康的食品选择带来了新的机遇。研究发现,相比于美国消费者,新加坡消费者对实验室培育的肉类表现出更积极的态度,而这种文化差异是源于新加坡人有更强烈的通过饮食给他人留下更好印象的动机。在另外两项研究中,我们考察了人们的世界主义倾向或他们对气候变化的文化影响的意识。研究发现,世界主义倾向和对气候变化文化影响的意识可以正向预测人们参与气候变化缓解行为的动机。最后,我将讨论一些关于文化心理学家,如何通过填补文化鸿沟和认识文化在应对气候变化危机中的作用,来促进气候变化和环境科学研究的见解。